Roles of a Registered Nurse

Roles of a Registered Nurse


Registered nurses work to promote health, prevent disease and help patients cope with

illness. They are advocates and health educators for patients, families and communities.

When providing direct patient care, they observe, assess and record patient symptoms,

reactions and progress. Nurses collaborate with physicians in the performance of

treatments and examinations, the administration of medications, and the supervision of

direct patient care in convalescence and rehabilitation. Nurses duties can also vary from

setting to setting. Some of the settings you may see a registered nurses working in are

hospitals, home settings, nursing homes, clinics and other health-care facilities.

Most hospital nurses provide bedside care and carry out medical regimens. They

also may supervise licensed practical nurse and nursing aides. Hospital nurses usually

are assigned to one area, such as surgery, obstetrics, pediatrics, emergency room,

intensive care or treatment of cancer patients. Some may rotate among departments.

Clinic or office nurses care for outpatients in physicians offices, clinics, surgery centers

and emergency medical center. They prepare patients for and assist with. examinations,

administer injections and medications, dress wounds and incisions, assist with minor

surgery and maintain records. Some also perform routine laboratory and office work. An

increasing proportion of sophisticated procedures, which once were performed only in

hospitals, are being performed in physicians offices and clinics, including ambulatory

surgery centers and emergency medical centers.

Nursing home nurses manage nursing care for residents with conditions ranging from

a fracture to Alzheimer’s disease. Although they often spend much of their time on...

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