• Submitted By: najma521
  • Date Submitted: 12/06/2013 9:10 AM
  • Category: Science
  • Words: 501
  • Page: 3
  • Views: 50

Specific Purpose: to inform my audience about SIDS

Central Idea: SIDS is the leading cause in deaths among children

Introduction: Sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, is defined as the sudden death of an infant under one year of age, caused by demographical factors, maternal smoking, and sleep practices and environments.

Transition: First, let us consider demographical factors.


I. The first major cause of SIDS is the location.
A. Despite the overall decline in SIDS worldwide, there are still racial and ethnic disparities. In the USA, infants who are African American, Native American, or Alaska Native have SIDS rates that are two to three times the national average
B. Maoris in New Zealand9 and Aboriginal Australians10–12 are also at higher risk for SIDS
1. Maoris are six times more likely to die of SIDS than non-Maori New Zealanders.
Transition: Next, let us talk about maternal smoking.

II. Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a major risk factor in almost every epidemiological study of SIDS
A. Determining whether or not it is caused from prenatal or exposure has yet to happen
B. Prenatal smoke exposure results into some many problems in
1. decreased lung volume and compliance
2. decreased heart rate variability to stress
Transition: Last we will consider sleep practices and environments.

III. How you position your baby and what type of setting they sleep in can play a big role in SIDS.
A. Side sleeping is the number one position leading to SIDS
1. The side sleep position is unstable, and many infants placed this way will roll.
B. Soft bedding and soft surfaces have been shown to be important risk factors
1. including pillows
2. quilts
3. comforters
4. sheepskins
5. porous mattresses
C. Warmer room...

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