Soviet Union

Soviet Union

E. Soviet Union

1. The consequences of the Russian Civil War
a) The Great Famine (1921) † Ukraine
b) Kronstadt Mutiny (1921)
-- > Changes: Lenin’s Economic Thinking

2. The New Economic Policy † Profits / Kulaks (small landowners)
3. The Union of Soviet Socialists’ Republics (1923) † USSR
a) Federation
b) Party
c) The Communist International (Cominterm) † Leon Trotsky (there could not be a communist party in Russia until all the individuals were liberated), Permanent Revolution
d) Secret State Police † NKVD

4. The Rise of Stalin
a) Stalin † Peasant raised to be a clergyman, active in communist party. Stalin got arrested. He was in control of the communist party. As general secretary, he could appoint people where he wanted. Perfecting communism in Russia. Stalin rewrote The Revolution.
b) Stalin vs. Trotsky † Trotsky held power over Red Army and Cominterm. Trotsky was exiled and found in Mexico (1940s). † Recovery meant no world-wide revolution coming / socialism in one country.

5. The First Five Year Plan (1928-1932) † Collectivization / Kulaks
a) The Ukrainian Famine † Gulag (Plenty of food, but Stalin took the food and sold it).

6. The Second Five Year Plan (1932-1938) † Industrialization / Rewards, individualistic rewards -- > New Social Class Structure (Stalin wants to make Russia an industrialized nation in 5 years). “Apperatichiki”

7. The Great Purge and Stalinism † 1936-1939 / Quotas / NKVD = Terror / Propaganda / Army 90-95%

F. Nazi Germany † Fahrerprinzip / NAtional Socialische
1. The Rise of The Nazis
a) The Great Depression
I. Hindenburg & von Papen
II. 1931-1932 Election (Nazis and Communists 75%)
b) Hitler Comes to Power (Article 48: Rule by decree, wants the Nazis to achieve 51% of the voting) / Chancellorship (Jan. 1933)...

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