Symptoms and Diagnosis of Sars

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Sars

Symptoms of SARS
* Fever of more than 100.4 F
* Dry cough
* Shortness of breath
* Hypoxia (low blood oxygen level)
* Difficulty breathing
* Pneumonia
* Abnormal X-ray
* Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (lung inflammation that prevents normal function

Diagnosis of SARS

* Doctors suspect SARS if a patient has a fever of 38.0°C or 100.4°F, respiratory symptoms and history of travel to a SARS affected area or close contact with a known SARS patient within 10 days before the fever or respiratory symptoms started.
* Since the initial symptoms of SARS are similar to influenza or other respiratory illnesses, a high level of suspicion and an accurate history is needed to differentiate SARS from other illnesses.
* There are several laboratory tests used to detect SARS-CoV and other causes of respiratory illness.
* In some persons it may take as long as 28 days after the start of symptoms to have a definite laboratory diagnosis.

Treatment for SARS

Treatment regimens have included a variety of antibiotics to presumptively treat known bacterial agents of atypical pneumonia. In some locations, therapy has also included antiviral agents such as ribavirin. Steroids have also been given to patients in combination with ribavirin. At present, the most effective treatment is unknown. Data available to WHO Also known at the World Health Organization - WHO is the United Nations specialized agency for health that seeks the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. WHO is governed by 192 Member States through the World Health Assembly. indicates that 95-96% of persons developing SARS recover with supportive care. Most people with SARS begin to improve approximately one week after developing symptoms.

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