Prevention of Underage Drinking:
Logic Model Documentation

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE)
11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900
Calverton, MD 20705
Tel: (301) 755-2700
Fax: (301) 755-2799

February 8, 2008

Contributing authors (in alphabetical order):

Johanna D. Birckmayer, Ph.D., M.P.H., Renée I. Boothroyd, Ph.D., M.P.H.,
Deborah A. Fisher, Ph.D., Joel W. Grube, Ph.D., Harold D. Holder, Ph.D.

The Logic Models here are a work in progress; no Logic Model is ever complete or final. The goal of this Logic Model is to document the best available research evidence as well as identify gaps or areas in our understanding which need further study or replication in future research. These documents are presented freely for the use of prevention researchers and prevention practitioners, and can be downloaded and reprinted as desired.

PIRE respectively requests that any uses or distributions of these documents in part or in whole give credit to the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, MD.

Table of Contents

I. Definition 1

Measurement of the Problem 1

II. Logic Model of Underage Drinking Prevention 3

III. Documentation of Intermediate Variables, Relationships, and Prevention Strategies 5

Drinking Beliefs 6

Family Influence 13

School Influence 16

Peer Influence 20

Drinking Context 22

Retail Availability of Alcohol to Youth 25

Social Availability of Alcohol to Youth 34

Price 40

Visible Enforcement 43

Underage Drinking Laws 52

Community Norms about Youth Drinking 57

Alcohol Promotion 60

IV. References 70


Underage Drinking refers to any use of alcohol by persons under the legal drinking age of 21. Consumption and/or purchase of alcohol by persons under the age of 21 is...

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