What are the strengths and limitations of case studies as a source of evidence about social injustice?

What are the strengths and limitations of case studies as a source of evidence about social injustice?

“Social injustice arises when equals are treated unequally and unequal’s are treated equally” Aristotle

Social injustice and its impact on society is present in our lives over centuries, and changes over time. Social injustice is perceived by different groups of people in different ways. Social injustice mobilises people to express their feelings and experience to make them visible to government , state or policy makers. Social injustice is often seen as an unfairness, unequal treatment, exclusion, oppression or discrimination. Defining social injustice through the case studies can help us understand the proportion of opportunities and resources within society and to bring about change.

There are multiple methods or tools for conducting research in social studies, but these can be distilled into two broad categories: qualitative and quantitative studies.

The qualitative method of research will include personal testimony, photographs, films and news stories. This will be a true life story example of social injustice told by the person who was directly involved and affected by inequality. Qualitative case study often uses personal testimony of individuals or groups of people to explore their experience of social injustice, therefore they produce more detailed information than statistical analysis.
Quantitative evidence is designed in a way that makes inequalities visible as numbers. Quantitative research is designed to statistically evidence patterns e.g. of wealth distribution but also to measure crime, welfare and social wellbeing in wider scale. This method is usually used as a method of identifying wider area of social welfare rather than concentrating on single examples as it is used in qualitative studies. It is also often based on specific, narrow and closed survey questions which are then transferred into percentages, numbers or graphs (eg Gini Coefficient measure)
Reading data from quantitative research studies we have to take into...

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