Why Was Charles I Put on Trial and Executed in January 1649?

Why Was Charles I Put on Trial and Executed in January 1649?

Why was Charles I put on Trial and Executed in January 1649?

The reason Charles I was put on trail and executed in January 1649 was because of the English Civil War. As we no the Civil war was between Charles I and Parliament. The two main reasons why Parliament defied the king was:

1.Religion- Charles give the Catholics sympathy because his wife was one. Most members of Parliament were Protestants and many were Puritans.

2.Parliament wanted more authority- Parliament members wanted regular elections and they hated the King raising taxes or else making new laws without notifying Parliament.

The King had argued a lot with Parliament that in 1629, he dismissed the Parliament and ruled for eleven years on his own. In 1640 he had to recall the Parliament as he was very short of money. When the Parliament got recalled they tried to limit Charles powers but Charles was so angry about it that he marched into the House of Commons to arrest five M.P’s. The M.P’s escaped this action and this action lead to the English Civil War. Charles I was the last ever monarch to enter the House of Commons.

In the English Civil War the people who supported Parliament and the ones who supported Charles I were-

Parliament supporters- Scots, Navy, Farmers, Townsfolk, Merchants and Roundheads.

Charles I supporters- Noblemen, Servants of Noblemen, Welsh and Cavaliers.

It is said that both sides were similar, each regiment had ten companies a total of around 1,200 men.

The King, Charles I, appeared to have the advantage because the Nobles were skilled horseman but they got wiped out be the formation of the Parliament’s New Model Army. In 1646 the King surrendered and the New Model Army offered to let Charles I remain as King if he would agree to let everyone except Catholics worship as they pleased. The King was a very proud man and hated the way the Parliament were dictating to him so he began plotting against Parliament. This resulted in the re-opening of the...

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