Chapter 15 outline
I. The Old South
A. Southern mythology- Many myths existed about the south and its people. One that exists from Gone with The Wind depicts the south as a society led by paternalistic white planters and their families, with big white-columned mansions. In this they were kind to their slaves and showed good morality. On the other hand, abolitionist pamphlets showed them as arrogant slave owners, who raped slave women, brutalized slaves, and didn’t care for others.
B. Explanations of distinctiveness
1. Geography and weather- The South’s warm, humid climate was ideal for crops. This separated the south from the north, because the north never relied heavily and crops.
2. Human factors
a. Biracial population- Unlike the north, the south received very few immigrants after the revolution. This made the south a black and white area.
b. Conscious and defensive minority- After the Missouri Controversy of 1819-1821, the south became more of a conscious minority.
c. Farming- The south’s agriculture was always a distinctive characteristic of the southern landscape.
d. Belief in distinctiveness- the most important factor was the people’s belief that they were distinct.
1. Staple crops
a. Tobacco, indigo, rice, sugar, and hemp- Cotton was not the only popular crop. Before cotton, there was Tobacco which at first was popular in Virginia and North Carolina, moved westward into Kentucky and Missouri. Indigo was popular in colonial times but vanished after the British left. Rice continued to be grown in coastal regions. Rice plantations were large in size and few in numbers. Sugar required heavy capital in machinery and needed warm areas.
i. Huge demand- Last of the staple crops and eventually outpaced all the...