Jerry Sylvester and Bethanny Jolly
Alzheimer’s is a well-known disease throughout the world that affects the lives of many. Alzheimer’s disease has conflicts with the behavior, intellectual thoughts, and memory triggered by a type of dementia. This disease is one of the most common types of dementia accounting for fifty to eighty percent of dementia cases. Although it generally occurs in elderly people, five percent of individuals who have this disease have early inception. Alzheimer’s disease progressively worsens over time. Life expectance ranges between four to twenty years dependent on their age and health state. Currently there is no true cure for this disease; however, there are treatments to help some of the symptoms.
Today, doctors have concluded that some characteristics of Alzheimer’s disease include intracellular neurofibrillary tangles and extracellular amyloid beta senile plaques that are located in the brain. The characteristics are associated with inflammatory response, apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy.
Most recent doctors have researched Alzheimer’s and came to the conclusion that this disease affects the apolipoprotein E on chromosome 19. The protein is also known as apoE, which has 3 forms. The first form (apoE4) is what increased the risk of the disease while the other two forms is what tries to prevent it. Scientist believes that the disease is caused by a combination of genes and environmental factors. Mutations in genes found on chromosomes 1, 14, and 21 are linked to a rarer form of the disease.
Alzheimer’s is one of the most common diseases that individuals over 65 are diagnosed with. It begins in the brain decreasing ones cognitive abilities. It starts slow and then becomes more drastic as the disease progresses and the individual increases in age. This disease reduces a person’s memory and then becomes so intense that it actually denies an individual the ability to...