American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass
Author(s): Douglas S. Massey
Source: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 96, No. 2 (Sep., 1990), pp. 329-357
Published by: The University of Chicago Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2781105
Accessed: 06-04-2015 19:14 UTC
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at
JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content
in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship.
For more information about JSTOR, please contact email@example.com.
The University of Chicago Press is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to American Journal of
This content downloaded from 126.96.36.199 on Mon, 06 Apr 2015 19:14:38 UTC
All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions
American Apartheid: Segregation and the
Making of the Underclass'
Douglas S. Massey
is crucialto explainingthe
emergenceof the urban underclassduringthe 1970s. A stronginteractionbetweenrisingratesofpovertyand highlevelsofresidential segregationexplains where, why, and in which groups the
underclassarose. This argumentis developedwithsimulationsthat
replicate the economic conditionsobserved among blacks and
areas duringthe 1970sbut assumedifferent
conditionsof racial and class segregation.These data show how a
simpleincreasein the rateof minority
povertyleads to a dramatic
ofpovertywhenit occurswithina racially
segregatedcity. Increases in povertyconcentrationare, in turn,
associated with otherchanges in the socioeconomiccharacterof...