Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue
K to 12 Curriculum Guide
January 31, 2012
K TO 12 MUSIC AND ART
The Music and Art curricula focus on the learner as the recipient of the knowledge, skills, and values necessary for artistic expression and cultural
literacy. The design of the curricula is student-centered, based on spiral progression, and grounded in performance-based learning. Thus, the learner is
empowered, through active involvement and participation, to effectively correlate music and art to the development of his/her own cultural identity and expand
his/her vision of the world.
As Music and Art are performance-based disciplines, effective learning occurs through active experience, participation, and performance, creative
expression, aesthetic valuation, critical response, and interpretation. The skills that are developed include reading/analyzing, listening/observing, performing
(singing, using musical instruments, movement, acting, and playing), responding, composing, and creating. (See Figure 1 and Figure 2).
The philosophical foundations upon which standards and competencies are based include: A Process of Education by Jerome Bruner, PerformanceBased Learning by Cleve Miller, Aesthetic Education by Bennett Reimer, Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner, A Structure for Music Education by
Ronald Thomas, Gongs and Bamboo by Jose Maceda, Compendium on the Humanities: Musical Arts produced by the National Research Council oft the
Philippines, Cultural Dictionary for Filipinos by Thelma Kintanar and Associates, Creative and Mental Growth by Viktor Lowenfeld and W. Lambert Brittain,
Discipline-Based Art Education by Elliot Eisner, Encyclopedia of Philippine Arts and Tuklas Sining, both produced by the Cultural Center of the Philippines.
K to 12 – Curriculum Guide - version as January 31, 2012
K TO 12 MUSIC AND ART...