Hatshepsut's expedition to Punt was one that she took great pride in, enough for it to be recorded in her mortuary temple. It was regarded by Hatshepsut as being equal to a successful military campaign and therefore one of her greatest achievements. Along with the expedition came many positive outcomes, which included religious, economic and political benefits. It is considered one of the most important events of her reign.
One main feature of importance of the expedition was the economic impact that it had. Hatshepsut benefited greatly from the expedition, with many resources obtained. Historians insist that 'Hatshepsut was not blind to the need of bolstering Egypt's economy', emphasizing that she was active in her trade missions. The Egyptians needed a continuing supply of exotic products indicating their need for strong trade in order to maintain stability. For this reason Hatshepsut’s expedition to Punt is recognized as of great significance as it marks a nation stabilizing trade relationship. The exotic products that they received included myrrh, incense, ebony, ivory, gold and even dancing pygmies, according to historians. These products were rare and valuable. Objects such as these improved the Egyptian standard of living and their appearance as a wealthy country.
This expedition was conducted to:
Obtain myrrh and frankincense trees: thirty one trees provided resin and incense needed for temple ceremonies and everyday use (e.g. mummification, medicinal aids and perfumed oils).
Establish a trade route: Punt was rich in exotic products (ivory used for making amulets, inlays for furniture and headrests; woods such as ebony for temples and tomb furniture; live animals such as the sacred baboon, monkeys and apes; animal skins; and metals such as gold used for making electrum and jewelry).
Honor the god Amun: The products obtained were dedicated to Amun.
Maintain support of the priesthood, especially Hapusoneb and Senenmut.