Endocrine System Study Guide ANSWER KEY
1. What is the function of the endocrine system?
To secrete hormones
2. Match the hormone with its function.
Luteinizing Hormone M
a. Promotes the utilization of glucose by cells. If not delivered appropriately a person may develop diabetes
b. Plays a part in the menstrual cycle of females
c. Responsible for secondary sex characteristics in males
Growth Hormone N
d. Male sex hormones
e. Development of female secondary sex characteristics
f. A powerful cardiac stimulant responsible for the “flight or fight” situation.
g. Responsible for metabolism and can be affected by high levels of stress causing weight gain.
h. Controls calcium levels in the blood by taking calcium from bone.
i. Controls the rate of metabolism
j. Control blood calcium levels preventing HYPOcalcemia
k. Acts on kidneys to concentrate urine and preserve water in the body.
T Cells S
l. Released DURING childbirth to cause uterine contractions and produce breast milk.
m. Stimulates ovulation in females
n. Responsible for growth and development
o. Stimulates adrenal cortex during stressful situations.
p. Stimulates growth of follicles in females
q. Develops breast tissue and stimulates milk production AFTER birth.
r. Stimulates thyroxine production
s. Help during immune responses.
t. Can cause constriction of blood vessels and muscle contractions. Used to induce labor.
3. Determine the gland that secretes each of the above hormones. The glands are listed below:
Pituitary Gland: LH, vasopressin, oxytocin, growth hormone, prolactin, TSH, ACTH, FSH
Thyroid Gland: Thyroxine, calcitonin
Parathyroid Gland: parathormone