Brandenburg Concerto No. 5
In 1721 Johann Sebastian Bach sent six compositions to the nobleman of Brandenburg. These became known as the Brandenburg Concertos. He sent these to a wealthy nobleman in hopes of getting work. Johann Sebastian Bach played the harpsichord while growing up. In this piece he uses the harpsichord in the whole work. Hearing the harpsichord throughout the work was unusual. Bach made the harpsichord stand out by letting the harpsichord have its own solo. Bach was a virtuoso; he was highly skilled in music. Baroque style features created a group of concertos which expanded musical growth.
The first movement Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 open up with a loud ritornello. Ritornello is the orchestral material at the beginning of a concerto grosso, which always return later in the piece. The function of the ritornello is to return many times as a stable element of the form. Ritornellos return in part, and it is played in different keys as the piece progresses. There are three sections in a ritornello. The first movement starts off fast, then on to slow, then fast. The ritornello returns in the tonic key at the end of the movement. A ritornello is used as a chorus in the piece. It helps keep the audience focused and not confused.
The rhythms in Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 changes in each movement. The first movement it has faster rhythms, the second movement they are slower and longer, the third movement sounds similar to the first movement with slow rhythms. Rhythm is the aspect of music having to do with the duration of the notes in time. Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 meter stands out in this work. A meter is any recurring patterns if strong and weak beats. Some of the instruments draw attention to the meter, to help the audience stay on beat with the piece. The harpsichords use in rhythm is the bass line or walking bass. The walking bass is a bass part that moves in absolutely even notes. The harpsichord is the...