Choice and Trait Theory
The reason behind offenders committing crimes is often debated, resulting in the many theories we have today. Among these various theories, rational choice theory and trait theory are popular, although some still argue that Choice is more effective in reducing and controlling crime and yet some believe that trait theory is more effective. However, I personally think that both of these theories are competent can be applied to different people and circumstances, yet the rational choice theory contains more logical points than the trait theory.
Rational choice theory indicates that "youths will engage in delinquent and criminal behavior after weigh in the consequences and benefits of their actions. Delinquent behavior is rational choice made by a motivated offender that perceives that the chances of gain out weigh any possible punishment or loss" (Siegel and Welsh 47). According to trait theory youths get involve in delinquent or criminal behavior because of physical and psychological traits that regulate behavioral choices( Siegel and Welsh 48).
Choice theory elaborates on factors that contributes to delinquent acts, which include economic need and opportunity. For example in towns like Newark, juveniles feel as if their success is limited and resort to selling drugs or stealing. This is sad because many of them carry on in this lifestyle as if it is a normal way of living. Trait theory would explain these juveniles act such as selling drugs as something they have to do, not by choice since they feel like it is their only option.
Problem solving is another major factor. Although the definition of gangs is undefined to most, juveniles see it as way to get respect. They view gangs as source of protection and even family. This becomes a problem becomes a problem because these juveniles become careless about their life., their basic attitude is that their going to die anyway or end up in prison. These pass couple of weeks were gang...