In 1997, a group of scientist from Roslin Institute, Scotland, shocked the word with reporting the first successful cloning process from an adult cell of a ewe named Dolly. Various reactions emerged from varied community, including the scientists, the leader of the religion, and the legal practitioner. This case was the first time the cloning process from the mature cell succeeded in being carried out against a mammalian animal and was frightened, or it was hoped, can develop by the cloning process against humankind. The human cloning as a matter a fact is not new in the world of science and medical, several institutions are already began to make cloning as a part of the health business, although the contra from the world communities still continued to attack this technology.
The word cloning came from Greece “clone” which mean twig or branch. Cloning is the process of creating an identical copy of something. In biology, it collectively refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cell cloning), or organism2. The process begins with removing the nucleus of an egg cell and isolates another nucleus with genetically material from the source cell. Then the isolated nucleus is fused to the empty egg cell using electricity. The occupied cell is now ready to grow as an embryo. This embryo will become baby as can be seen in the picture below. Besides the reproductive cloning, there are also other several of cloning which called the therapeutic cloning. This kind of cloning, also called "embryo cloning," is the production of human embryos for use in research. The goal of this process is not to create cloned human beings, but rather to harvest stem cells that can be used to study human development and to treat disease. Stem cells are important to biomedical researchers because they can be used to generate virtually any type of specialized cell in the human body. Stem cells are extracted from...