What is The Code of Hammurabi/Torah Laws? Who created them? What is there central focus, claim or goal? How do Gods or God play a role in the decrees? What the differences and similarities?
This essay will be analyzing The Code of Hammurabi and The Torah Laws; these two sets of regulations have similarities as well as differences. Both the by-laws were founded on the basis of religion and presented to the public by high ranking leaders in their respective groups; as well as the vast similarities such as the treatment of property and differences being the tactics used to deliver these messages to the people.
The Code of Hammurabi is a Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia; it is the longest and most diverse collection of concepts of justice and social regulation in the Mesopotamian society. The Code of Hammurabi teaches the basic principle of “an eye for an eye”. Authors Joshua Cole, Carol Symes, Judith Coffin and Robert Stacey state in the text “Western Civilization” that; the code consisted of 282 laws. These laws ranged from business deals to punishment for violent assault and murder most often resulting in death. These laws set the foundation for a complex urban culture. The idea that political power derives from divine approval was the basis for Hammurabi to create these laws. To create laws in the name of Marduk’s the ruler of all Babylonian gods insured an alliance from the people. This collection of laws served to unite the people of his vast kingdom not only under religion but by the governing laws as well.
The Torah Laws also can be more formatively known as the 10 commandments. These were a set of laws given to the Egyptian people after they were lead from Egypt by Moses. There’s no mention of the 10 commandments outside of the biblical text. These laws were to be sent from God to govern the missed placed Egyptians. The vessel from which this information would be presented to the people was Moses. These laws governed everything from...