This research paper will examine the aspect of cognitive development during middle childhood. Adults have the ability to interpret the hidden psychological characteristics of other people. These hidden psychological characteristics may be knowledge, motives, attitudes, behaviors, and or intentions. During middle childhood, it is difficult to interpret psychological characteristics of others. They are extremely vulnerable to believing whatever they are told, also known as role taking. There are different types of role taking and communication in the middle childhood stage. This document will describe middle childhood’s cognitive abilities that children may encounter as they go through this period in their life. Child development experts have defined a variety of conceptual theories. These theories explain and measure growth and development patterns occurring in various areas. These areas include social, emotional, mental and moral growth. The development experts discussed in the research paper include Erickson, Piaget, Vygotsky, Kohlberg and Gardner.
The age period for middle childhood refers to the ages of 6 and 12 year olds. During this age period, a significant process of human development occurs and marks a unique period between key developmental transition points. In some cultures, the 5-7 age period is the beginning of the “age of reason” (Burger 2010). Children begin to grow and mature, indulging in new capabilities. This new known sense of maturity and growth also gives them more roles and responsibilities. Adolescence represents a phase wherein cognitive vulnerability may occur and is likely to emerge (Jacobs 2008). Also during middle childhood the onset of puberty takes place, which differentiates it from adolescence. The wonderful years of ages 6-12 are different from any other age because they correspond to the first half of schooling years. During this age period, schools provide a distinguishing basis for children’s...