Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology. Throughout psychology's history, a number of different schools of thought have formed to explain human thought and behavior. These schools of thought often rise to dominance for a period of time. While these schools of thought are sometimes perceived as competing forces, each perspective has contributed to our understanding of psychology.
Some of the major schools of thought in psychology are Structuralism, Functionalism, Gestalt psychology, Behaviorism, Psychoanalysis and Humanistic Psychology.
Each school in psychology followed a certain viewpoint or perspective that defined it and its research and treatment methods. From each distinctive viewpoint there arose unique theories and concepts that can be seen applied widely in various fields in today’s world.
These perspectives can be seen in contemporary fields within applied psychology like clinical psychology, social psychology, forensic psychology, health psychology, industrial or organizational psychology, community psychology, consumer psychology, applied behavioral analysis, environmental psychology, legal psychology, military psychology, political psychology, religion psychology, sports psychology, school psychology, child psychology, adolescent psychology, geriatric psychology, personality psychology, educational psychology, counseling psychology, cross-cultural psychology and folk psychology.
In addition to fields related to psychology, contemporary applications of the various schools in psychology are seen in non-psychology related disciplines such as business management, ergonomics, occupational health, interaction design, architecture, town planning, fashion designing, art, media, medicine, artificial intelligence etc.
THE SCHOOLS IN PSYCHOLOGY WITH THEIR CONTEMPORARY APPLICATIONS
What is Structuralism?
Structuralism, also known as structural or content psychology, was a system of psychology that...