Critically discuss whether decentralization development planning offers a real alternative to centralized development planning. Substantiate your answer with relevant examples.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title and Table of Contents 1
Centralisation Planning development 2
Advantage and disadvantages of centralisation 2
Decentralisation Planning development 3
Advantages and disadvantages of decentralisation 3
A development as a concept has excess of meanings. In the DVA3704 reader, Cornwell (2010: 1) quotes Dale (2004:1) who states that the term development “is used to represent change or a state that has been attained through some noticeable change” According to L.Cornwell (2010:2) the ambiguity of the term is because the concept is not uniformly embraced or the process is not charted in the same way and there is no “correct path” through which it can be achieved. In my opinion if combined the the concept of development planning which will mean the process that results in fulfilment of goals that will lead change and choosing ways to achieve the change. There are various types or contexts of development, however this paper will concentrate on spatial planning which refers to “the degree to which administration is centralised or decentralised.” It will compare the centralisation and decentralisation as spatial levels of development planning by looking at the basis and nature of each and then look at the advantages and disadvantages of each supported by specific examples.
Centralisation planning development
Centralisation development planning is when the process of achieving and options of achieving the objectives of development lie in the hands of the government or the highest authority of any institution whether public or private. There are many definitions to this kind of...