Cubism and Surrealism
The application of new concepts and techniques were important to the cultural formation of art, literature, and film because it helped define this formation as it own art movements in history. These artists during the mid 19th century to the mid 20th century were innovated people whose works were unorthodox and experimental. They helped shape and expressed their importance to these movements.
It was 1906; Pablo Picasso went to an exhibition and saw Paul Cézanne’s “Les Grandes Baigneuses”. Cezanne died during that year. The Spanish artist completed the painting “Les Demoiselles d’Avigon” in 1907, which was the first controversial piece of cubist art. This painting turned out to be a large body of work and had a rose and blue pattern to it. There was a relationship between the figure and the ground that helped describe this new artistic style.
Cubism was formed by replacing the typical natural, detailed style of westernized paintings and introduced flat, block colours and inconsistent shapes such as cubes, squares, and triangles. Cubism definitely broke the flatness and optical involvement with the medium of art as of Impressionism. It became a reaction against this movement. Cubism became an art about art. It was an intermediated relationship between thought and experience. There were different ideas that were taken to help create this movement. Starting from Paris to ancient Spanish culture to African symbolic art.
The artistic styles on these paintings were linear marks to indicate shadows to help flatten out the image. These paintings were aggressive and really sharp. Typically, Cubism in Picasso, was one of the fully development instances of critical self-consciousness in the modern era. It had no iconography only figures, still life, and very occasionally a landscape. It was during this time that the belief of modernism that form and content are not separable and that form is content and content is form.