Implication of Stages of Ethnicity to East Pakistan Crisis (1971)
Pakistan got independence on 14th August 1947. The separate homeland was demanded by Muslims to live their lives according to their own way or parameters. After separation the task of nation building in Pakistan was constrained by many factors. One of them is the issue of ethnicity. Pakistan is a Multi linguistic and multiethnic or heterogeneous state. Every country is endowed with different kinds of resources. Main problem arises when one segment of society tries to snatch the rights of others and let the others in the darkness of deprivation.
In the initial years of Pakistan, ruling elites formed a sort of coalition against the marginalized segments of society. This marginalization and deprivation of basic needs created a feeling of hatred among them against the ruling elites, well off provinces and the central government too. The deprived people tried to locate the factors of their separate identities. Some of them demanded their share as being separate either on the basis of language, tribe, race, color, religion or common history. After having a separate homeland instead of living together the nation inclined towards disintegration due to the irrational policies and unfair distribution of economic and political resources. The seeds of hatred planted by few gave birth to a disintegrated and scattered state.
According to the constitution Pakistan is a federal state but in practice she is failed to meet the criteria of a good federation like equality in economic resources, social, territorial, political integrity and provincial autonomy. According to Government.of India Act 1935, 1956 and 1962 constitutions Pakistani federation was more centralized. All federating units were not treated equally. Even all the three constitutions were unable to ensure the true spirit of federation. In fact many of times constitutions are amended to provide benefits and room for dominance to...