One of the various forms of showing hatred towards a person loathed by people at large is representing him or her in the form of an effigy. An effigy is a sculpture or a 3D form of a person and is usually used to mock them. Though it is supposed to be a memorial of a person, an effigy is used for more than just the mere purpose of decoration. In some cultures, it is even used during rituals to represent a person or spirit not desired by others. This effigy is then burnt or displayed offensively in public.
However, the interesting part about effigies is that though on one hand they are used to represent hatred towards someone, on the other, they are used as shrines to represent an extremely pious or religious deceased figure. They are showed with hands raised together in prayer or crossed over the chest.
Effigies are a very old form of public display of emotions. The origin of the word is from an old language itself that shows how people have used these sculptures in the past for more or less the same purposes as for which they are used today.
Political figures, hated or liked, are a most commonly seen example of effigies where they are either praised greatly or burnt n stepped on in public.
The origin of the word “effigy” is from Latin and was used in plural form only at that time. Busts are also types of effigies as they are half or semi depiction of the upper half of the person represented.