Discursive wirting discusses the situation at hand. It presents an argument in a more balanced way than argumentative and persuasive writing and can appreciate the arguments both for and against a given position. Discursive writing does not argue for or against a point throughout the essay. After having assessed and evaluated all arguments, the writer generally states his/her opinion at the end.
Balanced and calm tone of voice A structure that alternates between the two opposiing positions exploring each one
• A balanced consideration of the evidence for each point and an analysis of the strengths and flaws of that evidence
• Techincal and formal language where appropriate
• Reference to other sources of expertise / quotations from famous thinkers
Introdution: This states clearly the problem of the investigation and why it is a significant issue.
Main Body: Consider the various sides of the position in turn, alternative between them. Assess each one and compare their relative strengths - do not include your own opinion at this point. For each point, use a new paragraph. Begin each paragraph with a key sentence which links back to the question.
Conclusion: Summing up the your key points and state your position again and what has made it difficult to come to this decision / whether there are any qualifications or uncertainties involved
Against: “Some people believe/ think/ feel that…”
“Some people may argue” "Others are of the opinion that...". “While some people may claim” “Furthermore some people may insist” “Although some people would have us believe”
• For: However, In contrast, On the other hand, Nevertheless
• “While in the case that…”
• “Further consideration, however, suggests…”
• “Despite the fact that there is some truth in…”
• “Although there is some evidence to support…”
• "It is also argued that...”
• "However there are also strong arguments against...