ABC-1 agreement: An agreement between America and the British. The agreement had adopted the “get Germany first” strategy.
Executive Order 9066: Fearing that the Japanese-Americans might act as saboteurs for Japan, the top American command forced the Japanese-Americans into concentration camps. This decision would prove to be a form of betrayal to the loyalty of the Japanese-Americans.
Korematsu vs US: Fred Korematsu sued in 1944 about the immorality of the Japanese relocation. In a Supreme Court decision in 1944, Fred Korematsu lost this case. However, in 1988, the US government officially apologized and paid $20000 to each camp survivor.
War Production Board: The WPB organized the production of weaponry and war machines from american factories. They halted the manufacture of nonessential items and regulated the access to raw materials.
Office of Price Administration: In order to avoid 3rd party meddling of prices which would lead to a breakdown of the economy, the OPA extensively regulated prices. They rationed many critical goods such as meat and butter.
War Labor Board: A part of the aforementioned combatting of 3rd party economical meddling, the NWLB imposed ceilings on wage increases. This would prove to cause many labor unions who fiercely resented the wage ceiling to go on strike.
Smith-Connally Act: An Anti-Strike Act passed in June 1943. Due to the threat of lost production, Congress passed this act that authorized the federal government to seize and operate unproductive industries. Furthermore, strikes against government-operated industry were made a criminal offense.
Women in war industries: 216,000 women were employed for noncombat duties by the armed services. More than 6 million women took up jobs outside their homes.
Bracero program: With the shortage of personnel on farms and factories, new workers had to be found. A solution was found in the Bracero program, and agreement made with Mexico in 1942, which brought thousands...