Raphael Sanzio, usually known by his first name alone, was born in Urbino, Italy, on April 6, 1483. Much of his early artistic training came from studying with his father, His father, Giovanni Sanzio, was a painter for the court of Federigo da Montefeltro, and as well as being a painter, he was a bit of a poet. However, he would not live with his father very long; as his mother did several years before, Raphael's father died when Raphael was After his father died, Raphael went to the town of Perugia to be an apprentice of the painter Pietro Perugino. Perugino was a well-respected artist during the Italian Renaissance. Raphael was an Italian artist and architect. Raphael was one of the most important artists of the Italian Renaissance. Raphael painted and designed many brilliant pieces of work and the stanzas inside the Vatican. He was a master at such necessities of modern art such as depth and perspective and the use of light and shadow, and was the turning point styles of paintings like the use of Madonnas in paintings. Through his short life, Raphael would make some of the most inspiring, beautiful, and influential works of art during the Italian Renaissance.
The Italian high renaissance was marked by paintings expressing human grandeur and very humanistic values. No one better portrayed the Italian high Renaissance then Raphael Sanzio, with his painting's clarity and ease of composition, Raphael was easily one of the greatest painters of this period.Unlike the other great painters of this time such as Michelangelo and Da Vinci, Raphael was born with a great understanding of art and required little instruction if any. Because of Raphael's great understanding of the arts, he quickly surpassed his teacher and ventured out on his own to the great city of Florence in 1504. At the same time Raphael arrived in Florence, the other great painters of time, Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci were the popular painters of the city.