Fugitive Slave Act-
It made any federal official who didn’t arrest a runaway slave liable to pay a fine. It caused many abolitionists to increase their efforts against slavery. It increased the Underground Railroad activity as fleeing slaves made their way to Canada.
Uncle Tom’s cabin was released-
Harriet Beedher Stowe; an abolitionist who wrote this book to show the evils of slavery. Best seller at the time and had a huge impact on the way northerners viewed slavery. It helped further the cause of abolition and even Abraham Lincoln recognized that the book led up to the outbreak of the war.
The Kansas –Nebraska Act was passed allowing Kansas and Nebraska territories to decide for themselves whether they wanted to be free of slaves, By 1856 Kansas had become a hot bed of violence as pro and anti-slavery forces fought over the states future. This widely reported violence events were small taste of what was to come.
Missouri Compromise of 1820-
It put limits on the propagation, but compromise of Northern ad Southern states interests were kept in mind. It was a balance between Free states and slave states. South had an economic interest to spread slavery to the new territories so that new slave states could be created and South’s political influence would remain strong. North had an interest in limiting the spread of slavery into the new territories for both the purpose of controlling Southern political power and to support moral issues.
Invention of the Cotton Gin-
The machine reduced the time it took to separate seeds from cotton. This meant that there was an increase in the number of plantations willing to move from other crops to cotton. This caused a greater need for large amount of cheap labor. The North focused on city life and the society evolved as people of different cultures. South was based on a plantation system and focused on social order.
Tariff of Abominations-
Supported American industry and in that way...