History ID’s for History test #2:
Articles of Confederation: The Articles of Confederation were created in 1776 to deal with the Revolutionary war at hand. It combined and gave specific duties to thirteen states, leaving very little power to the federal government. With a weak central government the inability to tax states on a federal level to pay off military expenses and British merchants served as a big problem. Since the states would not cooperate in taxing their own people, the realization of how weak the central government and their enforcement power was will lead to the conclusion of making a Constitution at the Annapolis Convention. This is significant because debates over slavery, representation, territory, and the creation of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists parties stem from the failure of the Articles.
Northwest Ordinance: The Northwest Ordinance was a part of the Articles of Confederation and was adopted to the Constitution in 1787. It dealt with the rules and organization governing the territory north of the Ohio River, and most importantly it dealt with the banning of slavery in the territory. The ordinance changed the status of slaves to “Indentured servants”, and will later become a problem dealing with representation and balance among free and slave states which will result if the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Later, John Calhoun will claim that both the Northwest Ordinance and the Missouri Compromise are unconstitutional.
Shays’ Rebellion: Shays’ Rebellion was a rebellion led by Daniel Shays of Massachusetts is 1786. Shays and other Massachusetts farmers were angry because their land was being taken because they couldn’t pay off their depts. With two failed attempts of charging the state house and demanding change, one of which included 7,000 farmers, the rebellion was put down. This rebellion is significant because it was fresh on the mind of the men writing the Constitution and the Electoral College as well as the creation of...