Constitutional law of VietNam 1992
It can be said that Vietnam’s 1992 Constitution was the constitution of the early years of the “doi moi” (renewal) process, the product of initial legal thinking and perception of the path of national renewal. After the 1992 Constitution was promulgated, the “doi moi” cause in Vietnam has gained more and more great achievements; all aspects of the social life have substantially changed for the better and the perception of the path and mode of national renewal has, through realities of life, become more comprehensive and evident. Naturally, such a circumstance has prompted the amendment and supplementation of the 1992 Constitution.
At its 9th session in May 2001, on the basis of the report presented by its Standing Committee, the National Assembly discussed and commented on the amendments and supplements to a number of articles of the 1992 Constitution and at the same time decided on the establishment of the Drafting Committee for amending and supplementing the 1992 Constitution, which was tasked to study and gather opinions of National Assembly deputies before drafting the contents of constitutional amendments and supplements. In August 2001, the first draft of constitutional amendments and supplements was publicized for comments from the public, branches and levels. On December 25, 2001, the Xth National Assembly adopted at its 10th session the amended Constitution.
The amended 1992 Constitution also contains 147 articles like the previous Constitution, with a Preamble and 12 chapters, of which 23 articles were amended and/or supplemented and three chapters were left intact (Chapter IV - Defending the Vietnamese Socialist Fatherland; Chapter XI - National Flag, National Emblem, National Song, Capital City, National Day; and Chapter XII - Effect of the Constitution and the Amendment of the Constitution).
The constitutional amendments and supplements have focused on two institutions: the economic regime and the...