Government enables a society to protect the peace and carry out its policies.
Government is a body that has the power to make and enforce laws within an organization or group. In the broadest sense, government means to manage or supervise, whether over an area of land, a set of people, or a collection of assets. A government acts like a restraint on selfishness and regulates its societal interactions when necessary. The primary duty of a government is to reward the people, by protecting the peace and carrying out polices which favor the well being of the nation.
In order for government to protect the peace and carry out its policies, it is broken up into three branches. The leaders of the states wanted a strong and fair national government. But they also wanted to protect individual freedoms and prevent the government from abusing its power. They believed they could do this by having three separate branches of government: the executive, the legislative and the judicial. This separation is described in the first three articles, or sections, of the Constitution.
The President is the head of the executive branch, which makes laws official. The President is elected by the entire country and serves a four-year term. The President approves and carries out laws passed by the legislative branch. He appoints or removes cabinet members and officials. He negotiates treaties, and acts as head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces. The executive branch also includes the Vice President and other officials, such as members of the cabinet. The cabinet is made up of the heads of the 15 major departments of the government. The cabinet gives advice to the President about important matters.
The judicial branch oversees the court system of the U.S. Through court cases, the judicial branch explains the meaning of the Constitution and laws passed by Congress. The Supreme Court is the head of the judicial...