Thesis: In hippotherapy, a horse’s movement may be used rehabilitate handicapped people both mentally and psychically.
I. A definition of hippotherapy
II. History of hippotherapy
III. Therapeutic team
C. Riding teacher
IV. A riding session
A. Necessities before therapeutic riding
B. Description of a riding session
C. Ideal length of one riding session
D. The riding arena
V. The role of horse
A. Movement of the horse
B. Warmth from the horse
C. Psychological influence of the horse
VIII. My own experiences
A horse’s movement may be used rehabilitate handicapped people both mentally and psychically in the hippotherapy. The word comes from the Greek word hippos, which means horse, so the term hippotherapy means “treatment with the help of a horse” (Scott 5). Hippotherapy comprises pedagogy, psychology, sport and healing. Hippotherapy is one part of therapeutic riding. The next two parts are equine facilitated psychotherapy and recreational riding (Scott 3–8). Hippotherapy is a kind of animotherapy, which means a therapy which uses animals as a tool for healing (Scott 3). Hippotherapy is the most widespread form. It is practiced all over the world and it is spreading more and more in today’s world.
The person who firstly wrote about the benefits of horseback riding was Hippocrates; he called horseback riding a universal exercise (Macauley and Gutierrez 1). One of the next people to write about the benefits of horseback riding was Galen (Scott 17). Maria Theresa built an arena and she practiced therapeutic riding (Scott 17). During World War I the horses were used to heal people who were injured in the war (Scott 17). But...