in educationSheila James
January 21, 2012
The History of Equal Opportunity in Education
Separate is not equal
The history of equal opportunity started In the United States on May 17, 1954. This was one of the most defining decisions in America’s history. This was a multi ethnic movement for social change. This multiethnic movement was not only about the rights of all children to go to school but about children of color getting an education and the equal opportunity in America.
The court case of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka initiated educational and social reform throughout the United States. African Americans had to turn to the courts to help them protect their constitutional rights. It was not easy the courts decided to challenge the earlier civil rights legislation. The Supreme Court further said that if racially separate facilities, if equal did not violate the constitution. The Supreme Court also said that segregation was not discrimination. On May 17, 1954 the court done away with constitutional sanctions for segregation by race, and made equal opportunity in education the law of the land.
Title 1 was established to give all students an equal opportunity to get the highest and quality education possible. In 1965 the Elementary and Secondary education act now known as the no child left behind act assisted under privileged children the same opportunities as their peers to learn and succeed in their studies. These children were taken out of the classroom and worked with to help achieve their goals. My children were placed in the title 1 program and it helped them immensely. The teachers assisted the children who were having trouble in English, math history etc.
Title 1 helps meet the needs of low achieving students in our schools. This program helps English proficient children, migratory children, and children who have a disability. Title 1 also assists children who are delinquents and children who are...