Date of submission: January 2011
How did the Romans build a strong republic?
The Greeks and Etruscans influence Roman culture. Romans adopted Sicily’s alphabet, military techniques and styles of literature, art and architecture. Romans learned practical skills in sanitation, road building, architecture, and pottery making from the Etruscans
The Romans establish a government without a king. While the Roman Republic had no king, it was not a democracy like Athens. Leaders all came from the class of wealthy land owners called patricians. Two officials called consuls directed the daily affairs of governing and also lead the army.
The people gain a voice in government. Romans gain another government. The membership and the owners of these changed over the years. In the early years of the Republic, an assembly of soldier-citizens made laws and approved the election of government officials. The plebeians or the common people had a little say in the government. They took part of the assembly but it had much less power than the senate.
Rome becomes a military power. Romans showed a devotion to their city, a toughness of character, and genius for warfare and diplomacy. They knew how to wage war successfully, how to gain allies, and how to treat a defeated enemy. Roman used weapons as their enemies like the swords, spears and others.
Rome gains allies in Italy. Rome made allies of some former enemies. Some defeated cities and peoples were granted Roman citizenship.
Rome and Carthage go to war. Rome went to war with Carthage which was called the Punic war. Rome began the war with a stronger army, for it could call on its Italian allies for extra soldiers.
Hannibal invades Roman territory. Rome planned to attack Carthaginians as they expand in Spain. General Hannibal decided to strike Rome by invading Italy from the North and this stars the Second Punic war.
The Romans destroy Carthage. Rome at last defeated Carthage in a...