"Gandhi" redirects here. For other uses, see Gandhi (disambiguation).
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi |
Born | 2 October 1869(1869-10-02)
Porbandar, Bombay Presidency, British India |
Died | 30 January 1948(1948-01-30) (aged 78)
New Delhi, Union of India |
Cause of death | Assassination (three bullets in the chest) |
Resting place | Rajghat, New Delhi, India |
Nationality | Indian |
Other names | Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu |
Alma mater | University College London, University of London |
Known for | Prominent figure of Indian independence movement
Propounding the philosophy of Satyagraha and Ahimsa |
Religion | Hinduism |
Spouse | Kasturba Gandhi |
Children | Harilal
Parents | Putlibai Gandhi (Mother)
Karamchand Gandhi (Father) |
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; Hindi: मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी, pronounced [moːɦənd̪aːs kərəmtɕənd̪ ɡaːnd̪ʱi] ( listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was a pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He pioneered satyagraha. This is defined as resistance to tyranny through mass civil resistance - a term which Gandhi used in many of his statements and writings. His philosophy was firmly founded upon ahimsa (nonviolence). His philosophy and leadership helped India gain independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is often referred to as Mahatma ([məɦaːt̪maː]; Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā or "Great Soul" (magnanimous), an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore). In India he is also called Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ, bāpu or "Father") and officially honored in India as the Father of the Nation. His birthday, 2 October, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence. Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse.
Gandhi first employed civil disobedience while...