The Ideology of Ingsoc
The Ideology of Ingsoc in 1984 is what shapes the Party of Oceania and its members. The Party uses this ideology to maintain power by controlling the people and their thoughts. A dystopian society is present in Oceania which oppresses the people without their knowledge. The hierarchy of Oceania is maintained through the complete control of the lower and middle classes. The Party takes control of the people by giving them false information through the use of propaganda. Ingsoc teaches that everything exists only in the collective mind of the Party and that reality is whatever the Party says is reality.
A dystopian society is present in Oceania which oppresses the people without their knowledge. The dystopian society is maintained through the Party’s totalitarian control of the citizens and their thoughts. The Newspeak language is developed to restrict independent thought to a point where this eventually no freedom of thought: “Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it” (Orwell 52). Syme explains how the Newspeak dictionary is constantly being changed in order to diminish everyone’s range of consciousness. The Party provides the citizens with the illusion that Oceania is a Utopia even though it is the opposite: “Victory Mansions were old flats, built in 1930 or thereabouts, and were falling to pieces” (Orwell 20). The word victory is associated with many places and product which gives the people the illusion of having the best things in life. The people of Oceania live with the awareness of being constantly watched and listened to: “