Kwame Nkrumah

Kwame Nkrumah


A. The Institute of African Studies, 1991, The life and work of Kwame Nkrumah, Accra, Sedco

Among the most outstanding support for the arts and the cultural institutions that sprang up in the 60’s are:
1. The Ghana museum, which was opened on 5th of March, 1957-the eve of independence
2. The art council of Ghana, which was created as the cultural wing of the ministry of education and culture(1958)
3. The research library on African affairs (June 1961)
4. The Ghana film corporation (1964)…page 1

Nkrumah’s enigma in respect of cultural policy had its seeds in his reaction to chieftaincy, tribalism and national costume

1. Chieftaincy
The presidential stool was of gold and designed in traditional motif. Kente became his costume on formal occasions, though he appeared at times uncomfortable in it. A state umbrella occasionally appeared over him, and traditional drummers and horn-blowers became part of his formal state ceremonies…page 10

2. Tribalism
Nkrumah’s government brought in the avoidance of discrimination Bill to deal with the control of political parties based on tribal or religious affiliations…page 12

3. National Costume
Nkrumah made fugu (smock) of the north national in appeal. The fugu was his battle dress, as it was for some leaders in the olden days. And he put on kente for formal ceremonies. In so long, he used elements of cultural attire to show that costumes from different aspects or manifestations of the cultural identity, the Ghana identity…page 15

B. Kwame Botwe-Asamoah, 2005, Kwame Nkrumah’s Politico-Cultural Thought and Policies, New York, Routledge
There are two levels of Nkrumah’s cultural policies: these are, non- statutory and statutory.
Non- statutory cultural polices
1. His use of handkerchief, horsetail and walking stick, for instance, was in keeping with the...

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