The Evolution of American Labor
True / False Questions
Uplift unionism is primarily oriented toward changing the fabric of society, overthrowing the capitalist system and replacing it with worker control of industry.
Revolutionary unionism involves the representation of employees' immediate interests, primarily the regulation of wages, hours, and terms and conditions of employment.
Predatory unionism occurs when the union's prime goal is to enhance itself at the expense of the workers it represents.
The National Labor Union was open only to skilled-trades workers.
The leaders of the Knights of Labor favored the use of strikes rather than arbitration.
The American Federation of Labor was born out of the frustration craft unionists felt about the mixing of skilled and unskilled workers in Knights of Labor assemblies.
The American Federation of Labor aimed at rationalizing the workplace through labor contracts.
Under Sherman Act provisions, if restraint is found, actual damages can be punitively trebled.
The Erdman Act prohibited discrimination against railroad employees based on union membership.
The Clayton Act removed unions from Sherman Act jurisdiction and limited the use of federal injunctions.
The Supreme Court interpreted the Clayton Act to mean that as unions could not be construed as illegal per se, their actions could not be held to restrain trade.
Yellow-dog contracts indicated that employees who signed them understood that union membership was grounds for discharge.
Until Norris-La Guardia, acceptance of a collective bargaining relationship had to devolve from a voluntary employer action.