Creation: Migration, Colonization
The Great Migration movement was 1.3 million African Americans out of the southern United States to the north, Midwest and west from 1915 to the 1930s. African Americans migrated to get away from racism, to seek job opportunities, and so their children can get a better education, all of which were widely perceived as leading to a better life. There is some historians differentiate between the first migration (1910-40), numbering about 1.6 million migrants, and the second migration, from (1940-1970). In the second migration five million or more people relocated with the migrants moving to more new destinations. Many people moved from Texas and Louisiana to California where there were plenty of jobs in the defense industry. From 1965-1970, 14 states of the south, especially Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi contributed to a larger net migration of blacks to the other three census designated regions of the united states. While the Great Migration helped educate African Americans to obtain jobs, eventually enabling a measure of class mobility the migrants encountered significant forms of discrimination, because so many people migrated in a short period of time, the African American migrants was resented by the European American working class, fearing their ability to negotiate rates of secure employment, was threatened by the influx of the new labor competition. After the Great Depression, more advanced positions took place after workers in the steel and meat packing industries were organized in labor unions in the 1930s and 1940s; under the interracial congress of the industrial organizations. The segregation ended in many jobs, and African Americans began to move into more skilled jobs and supervisory position.
The historical role of slavery: The trade in enslaved Africans and European Asians had started long before Columbus established a new trading route. Black...