School of Business Leadership, UNISA
Fundametal Management Programme
Leadership and interpersonal skills
Individual Assignment #1:
|Student |Student No. |Contribution |
|P. Bezuidenhout |71001492 |100% |
Participative management addresses the relationship between the organization and its workers and stakeholders. It addresses fundamental issues of governance within organizations and the role of employees and external stakeholders in all levels of the organization in the analysis of problems, development of strategies, and implementation of solutions and decision making. In addition to philosophical issues of governance and the appropriate relationship between workers and their employers, the literature on participative management can help managers dealing with the fundamental challenges facing public science managers in today’s dynamic and competitive environment: maintaining high levels of effectiveness, productivity, innovativeness, and worker motivation in an increasingly dynamic, competitive environment. Participative management is recognized as particularly pertinent to organizations dealing with complex, knowledge-based problems. Extensive research conducted as early as the 1950s and 1960s demonstrated that participative management is particularly well suited to science-based organizations whose key staff are noted for their creativity, intrinsic motivation for work that interests them, stronger affiliation with their discipline than their organization, and sensitivity to directive management (Likert 1969; Marcson 1960; Siepert 1964). The interdependence of scientific research, and hence of scientific organizations, requires participation at multiple levels. New requirements to involve external stakeholders in policy-setting and...