Core Experiences of the Historical Counterterrorism Methods
Bear in mind the fact that, even that there are reasonable historical records of triumphant counterterrorism operations from the past, due to scarcity of available empirical tools, there are methodological research restrictions to determine the effectiveness of most counterterrorism methods. However, some prominent historical terrorism groups, which offer certain gist of counterterrorism methods practiced on them, are presented below.
Terrorist Group “Thugs” 1356 - 1870
This is ancient Indian terrorism group, in Western literature labeled as the ‘Stranglers’ (Badey Tom, 2010). In terms of victims, most sources arrive to conclusion that the group massacred approximately one million innocent travelers (Badley Tom, 2010); however there are no concise estimates. The group is identified as religiously motivated, it’s emphasized that “‘The Thugs’ occasionally described as ‘Phansigars’ were a underground culture in India of both Hindus as well as Muslims who worshipped the spirit Kali” (Schrijver Nico and Herik Van Den Larissa, 2013, p. 212). If such claims are valid, the group can then be labeled as one of the earliest – known predecessor of religiously motivated terrorism groups/cults, such as Islamic Jihadists – who regularly intermix religion with terrorism. The group, according to literature sources, was completely exterminated during 1870s, by then British rulers of India – who managed to combine the military and law enforcement hard work (Badey Tom, 2010). Parallel to numerous contemporary terrorism groups, such as Al –Qaeda, even that most attacks were conducted in the name of God and religion, there were perhaps scores of monetary, political, communal, and ethnic rationales behind them, which we possibly will never realize.
The Narodnaya Volya - Russian (Наро́дная во́ля)
This left wing populist group is well identified of its stance against autocracy and its successful...