North America presented wonderful opportunities for future development. It was bounded by two oceans, while Europe had one (1607)
Spain had taken possession of Mexico and South America.
England under Elizabeth in 1603 was seized with a desire to expand, and her attention was turned toward the New World.
Jamestown was the Americans first permanent English colony.
The colony was sponsored by the Virginia Company of London, a group of investors who hoped to profit from the adventure. The company supported English national goals of counterbalancing the expansion of other European nations aboard.
Relations with the Powhatan Indians were tenuous, although trading opportunities were establish. An unfamiliar climate, as well as brackish water supply and lack of food, led to disease and death.
Captain John Smith became the colony´s leader in September 1608 and establish a “no work, no food” policy.
Smith´s departure was followed by the “starving time” a period of warfare between the colonist and Indians and the death of many English from starvation and disease. Just when the colonist decides to abandon Jamestown in spring 1610, settlers with supplies arrived from England.
When North America was first settled by the English race the Christian world had struggled with the intolerant spirit of the middle ages.
In 1602 one hundred two Puritans boarded the “Mayflower” bound for the New World. These people were the Pilgrims Fathers.
This settlement was different to Jamestown, Roanoke and others because the Pilgrims were skilled, hardworking, and self-disciplined.
That November, 1620, the ship landed on the shores of Cape Cod, in present-day Massachusetts.
Their intended destination was a region near the Hudson River, which at the time was thought to be part of the already established colony of Virginia.
During the next several months, the settlers lived mostly on the Mayflower and ferried basic and from shone to build their new storage and...