The previous years before the modern era began; all businesses followed one absolute management theory. That theory was called the Classical/Scientific management theory’. Management is becoming increasingly difficult in our modern era’. This statement holds true as businesses in the modern era have diversified greatly and that different types of management theories emerged. Soon enough businesses will stop following the classical theory and rather choose newer more useful ones.
During the modern era three other theories emerged. They are the contingency/systems, behavioural and the political theory. The classical, contingency, behavioural, and political theory are all under the main category of management theories, each with different traits and features, strengths and weaknesses.
The classical theory is focused on developing scientific practices to maximise the output of each individual worker thus improving productivity. Strengths in this type of theory are that companies can obtain full control of the workforce furthermore this theory allows the ability to co-ordinate a mutual relationship between employees and workers. The downside however is the system of scientific management is incomplete. Also workers are viewed as working solely for economic reward. This theory is becoming outdated as the other types of management theories are far better in most cases for businesses.
The contingency/systems theory is viewed as a theory that has no exact rules. It depends mostly on the situation and the environment of the business. The strengths of this type of theory are that flexibility is ideal and that an endless allowance of adaptability can be adopted by this theory. However it has been criticised because it failed to explain fully why people with certain leadership styles are more effective in some situations then others.
The political theory is based around an approach that looks at the influence of power and politics on management decisions and...