Part One: Find and Identify Article
Tried Library databases with no results
- the goal of learning
- the goal of learning through out history
Dr. Tracey Tokuhama-Espinosa, Ph.D.
John Hopkins School of Learning
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE OF LEARNING: Part 2 (1970s-present)
Winter 2011 Journal/Vol. IX No. 2/ http://education.jhu.edu/PD/newhorizons/Journals/Winter2011/Tokuhama5
Thesis/ Claim(in my words):
Essentially I believe what the author is doing is showing us a history of or evolution of teaching and of learning. All of which have brought us to this second part of the article where she believes we are now which is in the era of MBE teaching and learning. Which is further implicated in the reference to the other articles in the book Mind, Brain, and Education Science: A comprehensive guide to the new brain-based teaching (W.W. Norton).
Part Two: Review of the Article
This essay is more based on the factual history of teaching and learning and veers off into the topic or argument which is about the MBE style of teaching/learning. But in this second part, we see in the mid to late 80’s the birth of neuroscience. By the late 1980’s scientists, psychologists and the like started many foundations so as to study more on these new concepts of the mind. Then as the 90’s brought forth the “decade of the brain” two basic types of learning theories were strengthened: modular, domain specific versus global theories. Newly termed cognitive neuroscientists begin doing experiments ‘based on global theories of how the brain worked in terms of teaching and learning experiences.’
During these years the education system began to point fingers at the educators and begin to try and lay blame as to the difficulties of teaching. And what started as blame being put on the educators started to trickle down to the individual,...