Our presentation is about Friedrich Nietzsche who was one of the most important and influential modern thinkers of nineteenth century for his notions of inexistentialism, post-modernism, and post-structuralism; but before talking about him, I would like to tell you a brief introduction of postmodernism and how this philosopher took these concepts to explain his ideologies.
One of the main characteristics of postmodern thinking is that the world is seen as much more complex and an uncertain place. Reality is not determined and all truth within a postmodern context is related to one's viewpoint or stance. The world is a representation or, in other words, a fiction created from a specific point of view, and not a final truth.
Postmodernism puts everything into question and radically interrogates philosophies, strategies and world views. As we can see, there are plenty of definitions of the postmodern, but we can say that it is an attempt to find new and more truthful versions of the world.
Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Röcken, the Prussian Province of Saxony in 1884.
His father died when he was five years old; hence, he spent his childhood with his mother, sister and two maiden aunts.
At the age of fourteen, he was awarded a scholarship to enter the Preparatory school, Schulpforta, with the intent of training for the clergy. He excelled in religious studies and German literature. At that time, he also began to suffer from migraine headaches, an ailment that trouble him for most of his adult life.
He graduated in 1864 and continued his studies in Classical Theology at the University of Bonn. After one semester, to the chagrin of his mother, he abandoned his studies in Theology and began Philology at the University of Leipzig.
He was appointed professor of Greek Philology at the University of Bessel when he was 24 years old.
In 1868, he undertook voluntary service with the Prussian Army. But he suffered an accident that left him...