• Gutenberg printing press (1453)
• Only limited people were educated because of money… only the rich could be educated.
• Literature-Bible, in Latin.
• Critical analysis
• Promoted broadening education- tried to get as many people educated to learn things other then what they had to learn.
• Females and the non elite were taught
• Established schools for girls and boys
• Education memorization
• Formal critiques closure hard to answer questions
• Attack church’s promotion of popular practices
• Pilgrimages to holy
• Ancient relics
• Polyglot bible-translation into several languages Latin, Greek, Hebrew -1522
• Educated- monastery studied in France
• Not a theologian – not affiliated with the church
• Supported that education should be available for everyone. No matter your social standing
• Supported the restoring of Christ in catholic church
• Religious and political
Catholic and Protestant
1572- St Bartholomew Day massacre
1594- Henry IV of Navarre converts to Catholic.
• Philip II
New world territories- Mexico, Portugal, Holland, Milan, Naples, South America, Caribbean
• Poland- Lithuania
• East Europe power up until 1570’s
• Thirty Years War-1618-1648
• In the 1500’s and into the 1600’s was a time for Reformations of all kinds. A simple definition of reform is “improvement, alteration for the better” this was a good thing, making these choices were their attempt to improve things. Martin Luther’s 95 theses changed society’s view on the Catholic Church forever when he stood up for everything he believed in and for the people. From Luther came Protestantism and when Catholic starting noticing the Protestant Reformation they demanded one of their own.