Ocean- Myths and Believes
Oceans are at a very devastating state at present owing to the enumerable amount of pollution and varied changes in the atmosphere. Increasing levels of greenhouse gases has lead to rise in the sea levels and acidification. Not only the people living in the coastal areas but also those living away from the sea have to be cautious and vigilant about the environmental changes that take place nowadays. We have abundant amount of resources, enough aquatic food and various precious minerals and we need to utilize them for the betterment of our living. So in order to exploit these resources various international organizations and other territories should work hand in hand with the countries of the coastal region.
Various laws of the seas were put forward to address the issues of the resources, sovereignty and superpower rivalry. The main aim of enforcing these laws was to achieve optimal yields from fisheries. Even political pressure to overcome the troubles of the fishing communities also helped. The international law to govern the oceans depends on the efforts of the national legislatures and regional treaty organizations. These laws also ensured to prevent overexploitation of the resources and provide access to the surplus to the other countries.
As we all know, the ocean plays a very essential role in the global atmospheric change by absorbing carbon dioxide and converting it to oxygen that is an essential component of the living system. Climatic changes multiply the threat to the environmental conditions, the effects of which include rise in sea water levels, increase in the amount of carbon dioxide, increased intensity and frequency of hurricanes etc. It also brings about changes in the water density, shrinkage and fragmentation of sea ice leading to profound effects on ocean currents. All these threats can invariably lead to large layer of freshwater thus driving agricultural productivity and risk the least developed states and small...