The history of England is one of the most remarkable victory of human race. Some saxone and danez tribes mixed with some celtic and roman survivors become in a few centuries the central power in three quarters of the Planet. Two precious skills assured England a quiet evolution: the continuity and the delicates of actions.
During queen Victoria’s reign England encounters a period of consolidation , of economic growth and of rediscovering a set of virtues which ensured it prosperity and social pace envied by other countries. Queen Victoria offered England more time than she did to her children , governing the country not only with her mind but with her soul.
In 1914 after a period of a relative quietness , an agitated era was about to come in Europe .
Conflicting interests among the nations of Europe created dangerous rivalries for colonies, greater national glory, and superior military might. Another matter was the so called "eastern question" of who would control Eastern Europe, including the Balkan peninsula located north of Greece.
On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb student, shot and killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in Sarajevo. Princip was a member of Young Bosnia (The Black Hand at the time), a group whose aims included the unification of the South Slavs and independence from Austria-Hungary. The assassination in Sarajevo set into motion a series of fast-moving events that eventually escalated into full-scale war. Austria-Hungary demanded action by Serbia to punish those responsible and, when Austria-Hungary deemed Serbia had not complied, declared war. Major European powers were at war within weeks because of overlapping agreements for collective defense and the complex nature of international alliances.
The war between 1914 and 1918 trembled the planet more than the Napoleonic wars :new states were created and new dictatures were rising in states like Germany and Italy...