Trace and illustrate the changing role of the computer in Operations management.
According to Cosh et-al (1993), Operations management (OM) is the management of systems or process that covert or transforms resources into goods and services. In other words it's responsible for managing the core processes used to manufacture any goods and services. This process carefully focuses on managing an expansion to produce and distribute products and services. Operations Management is very important to any business because it simply deals with the design and management of products, supply chains, processes, and services that it provides. It consults the development, acquisition, and utilization of resources that firms need in order to deliver the goods and services that clients request. Eventually, the nature of how operations management is carried out in an organization depends very much on the nature of products or services in which the organization is all about, for example, retail, manufacturing, wholesale, etc.
In 1613, the word computer was first recorded being used to refer to a person who could carry out calculations, around the end of the 19th century did the word computer begin to take a more familiar meaning of describing a machine that could carry out calculations and computations. The idea of a machine that would make man’s calculations easier, faster, and more accurate is no new notion. The Abacus, “Napier’s rods”, the “Calculating Clock”, and the “Stepped Reckoner” are a few examples of early computer ideas .In the more recent history of the computer, we can see how computers have dwarfed from clunky, million-dollar machines into the compact and convenient parts of our everyday lives.
The electronic manufacturing industry began with the innovations of inventors such as Thomas Edison and Guglielmo Marconi in the 1800s. Edison pioneered the distribution of electricity to individual households, enabling the use of electronic devices such as lighting,...