Understand how businesses are organized to achieve their purposes
In every business there is a set target or desired outcome that the business/organization wishes to achieve, and in order to achieve these aims or objectives there is placement of various strategic plans which contain details regarding the kind of action which needs to take place in order to meet those aims and objectives. Within this essay I will be analyzing two contrasting business and their organizational structures, strategic plans, aims and objectives and the specific actions both organizations intend to take in order to ensure these targets or aims are met.
The two organizations which will evaluated are Tesco plc which is a profitable national organization and Mid Kent college which is a national not for profit organization.
In order for employees working within Tesco's to be aware of what authority to answer to or what position they are in, there is a organization structure placed. An organizational structure is a visual presentation that shows how each of the workers within a business are organized and relate to each other as well as, who has authority over each division of work and the role that each worker has. There are various types of organizational structures such as:
Hierarchal Structure: A hierarchal structure has a layer format where people in the higher layers have more authority than those in the lower layers.
Horizontal/flat structure: A flat structure has fewer layers and more people are allocated to each layer, decision making is mainly done in groups.
Matrix structure: collects groups of people with certain skills for specific projects.
Tesco has a Hierarchal structure, below is Tesco's organizational structure:
Below is a list of Tesco's functional areas and jobs within each division:
Research & development
Head Office has: