Workers using hand and power tools may be exposed to these hazards:
Falling or flying objects which can be abrasive, or may splash
Harmful dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, and gases
Frayed or damaged electrical cords, hazardous connections, and improper grounding
Basic Tool Safety Rules
Basic tool safety rules include the following:
Perform maintenance regularly
Use the right tool for the job
Inspect tools before use
Operate according to manufacturers’ instructions
Use the right personal protective equipment (PPE)
Hand Tool Hazards
The employer is responsible for the safe condition of tools and equipment used by employees. Employers shall not issue or permit the use of unsafe hand tools. Employees should be trained in the proper use and handling of tools and equipment.
Hand tool hazards are usually caused by misuse and improper maintenance.
Do not use:
Wrenches when jaws are sprung.
Impact tools (chisels and wedges) when heads have mushroomed.
Tools with loose, cracked or splintered handles.
A screwdriver as a chisel.
Tools with taped handles – (They may be hiding cracks.)
Hand Tools - Protection
When using saw blades, knives, or other sharp tools, employees should direct the tool away from aisle areas and away from other employees working in close proximity. Knives and scissors must be sharp; dull tools can cause more hazards than sharp ones. Cracked saw blades must be removed from service.
Use PPE, such as safety goggles and gloves
Keep the floor surface where working free from debris and tripping or slipping hazards
Keep cutting tools sharp
Power tools must be fitted with guards and safety switches. They are extremely hazardous when used improperly.
Different types of power tools are determined by their power source:
Hand-held power tools must be equipped with one of the following: